Notes on Parenting

Insights for parenting babies, toddlers, teens, and young adults.

Monday, February 15, 2010

Parenting Styles

Research has shown that there are four different general types (styles) of parenting. They are as follows:

  • Authoritative: Parents who are high in warmth and high in control
  • Authoritarian: Parents who are low in warmth and high in control
  • Permissive: Parents who are high in warmth and low in control
  • Uninvolved: Parents who are low in warmth and low in control
Warmth is referred to as being supportive, and attuned to children's special needs and demands. Control is referred to as supervision, disciplinary efforts and willing to confront the child who disobeys.

These different parenting styles tend to produce different outcomes in their children. In general they are as follows:
  • Authoritative: Children tend to do well in all aspects of life, they are more social, have high self-esteem, responsible, more prosocial, high academic achievement and very little problem behavior.
  • Authoritarian: Children tend to do moderately well in the school, they have very little problem behavior, lack social skills, have lower self-esteem, and tend to have higher levels of depression.
  • Permissive: Children are more likely to be involved in problem behavior, have a lack of respect for others, do not do as well in school, have good social skills, and high self-esteem.
  • Uninvolved: Children perform poorly in all aspects of life.
So how can we be authoritative parents?

According to Baumrind an authoritative parent is one who exerts firm control when the young child disobeys, but doesn't hem the child in with restrictions.
From Diana Baumrind's 1996 Prototypical Descriptions of 3 Parenting Styles

This is certainly much easier said than done. What suggestions do you all have for being an authoritative parent. What are some things you have done with your children?

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